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Ta Prohm Temple
Ta Prohm, relatively modern, means the “Ancestor or Old Brahma” and the original name of this temple called RAJA VIHARA meaning The “Royal Monastery”. It was consecrated in 1186 and honored the mother of king Jayavarman VII, named Jayarajachodamoni, carved in the guise of Prajñaparamitā, the Goddess of Wisdom, conceived metaphorically as the mother of all Buddhas. The temple housed a portrait statue of king’s Buddhist teacher/guru, and also surrounded in the temple by statues of more than 600 dependent gods and bodhisattvas. During king Jyavarman’s reign the syncretism of Cambodian religion is shown by the fact that Shaivite and Vaisnavite ascetics were given cells on the temple grounds alongside Buddhist monks learned men. It ushered as monastery, accommodation, and also a center of learning. Ta Prohm housed several thousand people, as its inscription attests: there are 400 men, 18 high priests, 2740 other priests, 2232 assistants, 615 dancers, including 6635 people who entitled to stay, which are totaled 12640 people. In addition, there are 66625 men and women who perform services for the gods, making a grand total of 79265 people, including the Burmese, Chams, etc. the properties belonging to this are a set of golden dishes, weighing 500km, 35 diamonds, 40620 pearls, 4540 precious stones, 876 veils from China, 512 silk beds, and 523 parasols. Today, the appearance of Ta Prohm gives a poor idea of its original state, for unlike the other major temples at Angkor, it has never been restored during the French rediscovery of the Angkor area and has been left to the mercy of the nature because the French wanted showing the people of next generation to see how it was swallowed by the nature. But it now is undertaken by Cambodia and India Restoration Cooperation. Ta Prohm, a rectangular plan, composes of a series of long, low buildings standing on one level connected with passages and concentric galleries framing the main sanctuary, hall of dancers, library, gopuras (entry gateways) and corner pavilions and also surrounded by five enclosures. _ the outer is 1000m x 650m (65ht) which was pierced through by four gates on the cardinals; each has faces carved on their four sides. _ the fourth is 250m x 220m (5.5ht); _ the third is 112m x 108m (1.8ht); the second is 50msq; and the inner is 30msq.
THE THREE BASIC CHARACTERISTICS OF EXISTENCE:
1/Anicca “impermanence” (in Pali Theravada Buddhism) the belief that all things, including the self, are impermanent and constantly changing
2/Dukkha “suffering, illness” (in Pali Theravada Buddhism) the belief that all things are suffering, due to the desire to seek permanence or recognize the self when neither exist
3/Anata “no self” from Sanskrit Anatman (in Pali Theravada Buddhism) the belief that since all things are constantly changing, there can be no such thing as a permanent, unchanging self